HOME THE HISTORY OF PARASAILING GLOSSARY OF TERMS FOR PARASAILING CONSUMER SAFETY GUIDELINES CONTACT US A STUNNING Parasail 40 year HISTORY Timeline 1960s 1970's 1980-1984 1985 1986-1987 1988-1989 1990-1994 1995-1999
Welcome to the  Parasail Safety Council Website
The worlds premiere source for parasail information
Mark McCulloh pioneered modern day equipment developing cutting edge products for the commercial market and setting the industry standards worldwide.   His journey began in the early 70's with the introduction of the first parasail launch and retrieval platforms which evolved into the invention of the legendary Parasail Winchboat that revolutionized parasailing and ensured the breakthrough and expansion of the commercial parasailing marketplace worldwide.   After fulfilling one of his lifetime goals by introducing and operating the first parasail concession at Walt Disney World from 1994 until 1998.   Mark decided to launch an online publication entitled “The Parasail Safety Council” which made its debut in 1998 providing the general public information about parasailing.        McCulloh’s experience spans over four decades in parasail equipment designs, innovation, and training techniques with a focus  on improving parasail safety and holds the distinction of being the only certified parasail industry expert witness in both state and federal courts representing every major accidental death and serious injury case from 1977 to date     
Modern Day Parasailing Equipment  - The Brain Child Behind it all !  by David Carminito
Video Biography “Quick Clip” 
Mark McCulloh - Curriculum Vitae
Mark McCulloh - Curriculum Vitae
Personal                                                                                                             Married 33 years - three children Professional Title Inventor Parasail Industry Expert / Safety Consultant Federal Court Qualified Parasail Expert  Education Emery Riddle Aeronautical University Fluid Power Systems Expert Qualifications and List of Publications I pioneered modern day commercial parasailing by developing the parasail launch/retrieval delivery and rider transport systems used throughout the commercial parasailing industry from the early 1970’s until today.  These systems have been accepted and recognized as the industry standards for commercial operations throughout the world.   I hold the majority of every single and multiple  parasail system patents granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office for commercial parasailing, including the: 1. Parasail launching and retrieving apparatus, 2. Parasailing assembly and system and launching the same, 3. Para-sail rope guide system 4. Aerial recliner for parasailing 5. Rider support assembly for parasailing and 6. Strap assembly for parasailing.   My patent relating to the strap support assembly for parasailing was used by NASA’s Dryden Flight Research Center in 1995 for its X-38 prototype Crew Return Vehicle.  I also have extensive experience, beginning in 1971 and spanning nearly three decades, in the design, development and operation of parasailing equipment and operations.  I developed the first stationary parasail launching and retrieval platform in 1971, the first motorized parasail launching and retrieval platform in 1972,   In 1976  I was the first to design and manufacture  and commercially operate the first self-contained winch boat that included a parasailor tow bar and  harness assembly  that is commonly referred to as a “ tow bar”     In 1976, I was the first to commercially operate a parasail winch boat using a tow bar and harness support.  The crude tow bar design posed some risk and became problematic for commercial operations that required further development. In 1983, in an effort to improve overall parasailor safety, I combined the tow bar and body harnesses together and called it the floating tow bar harness, photo below. This was part of a series of inventions trying to improve the safety of the tow bar/harness design that eventually evolved into the invention of the parasail aerial recliner that incorporated the same attachment point locations to the parasail canopy as the tow bar, but eliminated the need for an independent multiple body harness systems.  In 1985, I wrote, established, and published the first Operating Standards and Guidelines for commercial parasailing, modified versions of which is still being used by operators today. In the early 1990’s the tow bar idea become a popular low cost solution versus the aerial recliner with the popularity of the winch boats and is now accepted as a method for multiple passengers. Commercial Rental and Operations Experience, Knowledge and Training I was one of the first parasail operators to be approached by a resort hotel to operate a commercial parasail concession, and continued to do this for several resort hotels  including entering into a four-year participant  agreement with Walt Disney World in 1994 to operate a commercial parasail concession.   In this capacity, I wrote the first  parasail operating guidelines and safety standards manual for parasailing in a resort/hotel setting. I also have served as an advisor and consultant for other commercial parasail operators located at other resort hotels in the United States and internationally. I am frequently called by resort hotels, including the Radisson, to inspect parasail operations and their equipment and/or develop parasail operating guidelines and safety standards for their commercial parasail operations.  I have also served as an advisor and consultant to other entities, including the United States Air Force and United States Navy in the improvement of their motorized parasail “launch only” platform utilized for their water survival training program.  I designed and built the first winch boat for the military to use in this program.  I have served as an advisor and consultant to the United States Coast Guard, the National Transportation Safety Board, and the Federal Aviation Administration in their investigations of parasail accidents.   In 1998, I founded parasail.org, an online publication that provides the general public, commercial operators, and government entities with information relating to commercial parasailing, including risk awareness, accident statistics, consumer safety tips, and operating standards. Since the mid 1980’s  I have been among the first contacted by any local, state, or federal agency whenever a major parasail accident occurs in the United States involving serious injury or death, and since that time, I have been involved in multiple investigations.  List of Publications 1985 - Operating Standards and Guidelines for Parasailing 1990 - Parasail Vessel Stability Study 1994 - Parasail Operations Manual Walt Disney World 2011 - Parasail Safety Analysis Report 2011 - Glossary of Terms for Parasailing 2012 - FAA petition letter for rule change 2013 - Rule 26/44 for Commercial Parasailing List of case that I was hired as a Parasail Expert: 1977 - Gloria Hardy v. Pioneer Parachute 1986 - Freidin-Whene v. Lahania Parasail 1986 - Steven Medly v. Power Chute 1987 - Davis v. Ski Run Marina 1988 - Kumagai vs. Controlled Parasail Honolulu 1990 - Ritchie v. Parasailing Int., Inc 1990 - Myers v. Beiswenger Ent 1998 - Nicolas Fillis v. Luquillo Parasail, CWS, Indemnity Property 1999 - Rebel Watersports - Eddie Ogg 2000 - Knobloch vs. Parasail City 2000 - Shaffer v. Parasail City 2001 - Miller/Hake vs. Siesta Parasail 2002 - Walker vs. Wedge Corp. (Sheraton Hotels) 2002 - Straney vs AA Parasail 2003 - Kim/Bae v. SeaBreeze Parasailing (Accident date Aug 07 1999) 2005 - Baron & Paulo v. Sea Breeze Parasailing (Accident Aug 20 1999) 2005 - Dana Fazekas vs. Greg Longnecker et al., 2007 - Ransier vs. Quick Marine (filed 2002) 2007 - Wraya vs. Oberg 2007 - X-Treme Parasail, Inc., et al. Jody L. Martineaue 2007 - Broward County States Attorney v. death of the Amber May White 2009 - Woodcock vs. NC Watersports (active)   2010 - White vs. Skyscreamer Parasail  2011 - Rodriguez vs. Ocean Motion Watersports (active) 2011 - Sieradzki vs. Sun and Fun Parasail   2011 - Kraftcheck vs Carribean Watersports USVI    (defense) 2011 - Cobo vs. Hi-Flyer Parasail  (active) 2011 - Silaika vs. Duck Parasail Inc.  (settled) 2012 - Miskell vs. Wave Blast Water Sports (settled) 2013 - USA vs. Kyle Coleman (criminal case) (settled) 2013 - Aquatic Adventures Panama City(settled) 2014 – 2015 In 2002, The US Federal District Court in Miami, Florida qualified Mark McCulloh as an expert in the field of Parasailing allowing his testimony in the 2002 case (Walker vs. Wedge Corp. dba Sheraton Hotels). List of Cases that I have worked in cooperation with State and Federal investigators as an unpaid consultant Paul Whipple vs. Adventure Guides Inc Hendricks vs. Atlantic Parasail Inc Meir vs. Sunset Parasail Leslie vs. Just Chute Me Parasailing Co. Kiernan vs. Capistrano Beach Parasailing Reddy vs. Miami Parasail co. (name unknown) Professional Licenses USCG Ocean Operator  (expired)  Private Pilot  (expired) Parasail Operational Experience Land Based Operations -Vehicle, Boat , Static Line Commercial Parasail Operations 1971 – 1998  (80,000+ flights) Product Testing and Evaluation  (20,000 + Flights) Fluid Power Experience (hydraulics) Hydraulics and Pneumatics design & operations Parasail Winch Systems and design & operations Parasail Inflation Mast Systems and Designs Custom Hydraulic Circuits Machine Shop Experience  Milling, Lathe and CNC Machine operations Metal Fabricator and Assembly Certified MIG & TIG Welder (aluminum & stainless) Boat Building / Fiberglass Experience Fiberglass Mold Designs  Commercial Boat Building Custom Mold Tooling Other Trade Experiences Technical Drafting Layout and Design (limited CAD) Graphics Artist Web Site Developer TESTIMONIALS  You'd probably like to know what law firms say about my expert witness and consulting services, so here are just a few testimonials that I have received over the years. Myers vs. Beiswenger Ent…  > We were in settlement negotiations for $200,000 before the court compelled your testimony which persuaded the jury to returned a 4.5 million verdict for our clients.  Stuart Ratson - Stewart, Tilghman, Fox & Bianchi P.A. - Miami, Florida Swinehart vs. Holloway et. al...  > Parasailing negligence in this incident would have been very difficult to prove without a reliable parasail expert.  Manuel & Thompson P.A. - Panama City, Florida Fiser vs. Thomas… > As you know, I struggled with my partners to take this case on without your assistance.  We are confident that with your support we will reach a fair settlement for our clients. Clifford Higby Esq. of Byrant & Higby - Panama City, Florida Knobloch vs. Parasail City… >  Despite the strong evidence (i.e. video tape of the adverse weather conditions and towline snapping) would not have been sufficient to reach our settlement goals without your involvement.  David Otto Esq. of Newman & Okum, PC - New York City Shaffer vs. Parasail City… > Your assistance in our case was paramount to our successful settlement.  Roger Vaughan Esq. of Wagner, Vaughan & McLaughlin / Shaffer v. Parasail City - Tampa, Florida Raisner vs. Parasail USA… >  This case being over ten years old it was hard to decide our next move without your expertise. Fern Flomenhoft / Russo & Keenan  - New York City Nicolas Fillis v. Luquillo Parasail… > This case never would have gone anywhere had you not agreed to help us.  Even though our client was seriously injured, and ample evidence to prove negligence we did not feel the case would have survived in court and ready to accept the original offer until you agreed to join the team that resulted in a settlement 7 times the original amount for my client.  Thank you. Richardo C. Rodrigus Esq. - Puerto Rico  Walker vs. Sheraton Hotels… >  It is important to note that the Defense was never able to qualify anyone in the industry as a "parasail expert" to refute your testimony. Also, the jury almost recited your testimony in the verdict.  In summary, your testimony was not only helpful in winning this case, but reaffirms your position within the industry .  Ralph Lotkin Esq. of  Lotkin & Cochrin  - Washington DC Woodcock vs. NC Watersports… >  It was terrible thing to experience this parasailing tragedy with our clients and then listen to defense lawyers try to pass the blame around. But no matter how bad it got, your wealth of information and experience kept things together in helping us secure a 9 million dollar verdict.    Joel Rhine of Lea, Rhine & Rosbrugh, P.L.L.C.  - North Carolina

Parasail Safety Council

Main Office The Clayton & McCulloh Office Building 1065 Maitland Center Commons Blvd. Maitland, FL 32751 Telephone with Voicemail:  (407) 494-6490   ©   1998-2013  Mark McCulloh - All Rights Reserved  
General Disclaimer: This website is provided “as is” without any representations or warranties, express or implied.  Mark McCulloh makes no representations or warranties in relation to this website or the information and materials provided on this website.    Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing paragraph, Mark McCulloh does not warrant that: a) this website will be constantly available, or available at all; or b) the information on this website is complete, true, accurate or non-misleading.   Nothing on this website constitutes, or is meant to constitute, advice of any kind.   Limitations of liability:  Mark McCulloh will not be liable to you (whether under the law of contract, the law of torts or otherwise) in relation to the contents of, or use of, or otherwise in connection with, this website:  a) to the extent that the website is provided free-of-charge, for any direct loss; b)for any indirect, special or consequential loss; or c) for any business losses, loss of revenue, income, profits or anticipated savings, loss of contracts or business relationships, loss of reputation or goodwill, or loss or corruption of information or data.   These limitations of liability apply even if Mark McCulloh has been expressly advised of the potential loss.  By using this website, you agree that the exclusions and limitations of liability set out in this website disclaimer are reasonable.   If you do not think they are reasonable, you must not use this website
Mark McCulloh To Start Your Journey - Just  Click on a year link below
“ Our historical timeline takes you on a 40 year journey into the evolution of modern day parasailing, the inventions, innovations and events that symbolize the industries progress highlighted with photos and videos geared for a curious. “